Coffee prices reach multi-year high hitting 200 US cents/lb mark
The International Coffee Organization announced in its latest report that in December 2021, coffee prices reached a new multi-year high as price levels during coffee year 2021-22 so far mark a return to the higher levels experienced in 2011. In terms of exports by groups of coffee, Arabica suffered from a 20.8% fall in November 2021. Estimates of total production for coffee year 2020-21 has been revised up marginally to 169.66 million 60-kg bags. World coffee consumption is projected to have risen to 167.25 million bags in 2020-21.
Since January 2021, when the ICO Composite Indicator was at 115.73 US cents/lb, an increase of 75.5% has been recorded to December 2021, when the average price reached a decade long high since September 2011, which averaged 213.04 US cents/lb. The steady and consistent upward trend observed since the start of coffee year 2020-21 shows how after ten consecutive years of low-price levels a remarkable recovery of coffee prices has occurred, breaching the 200 US cents/lb mark.
The highest increase occurred in the Brazilian Naturals Group indicator price, which reached 230.26 US cents/lb, an increase of 5.2% as compared to 218.90 US cents/lb registered in the previous month. This equates to almost doubling in price since January 2021 where the Brazilian Naturals were priced at 116.69 US Cents/lb. The price for the Colombian Milds increased by 3.9% to 290.57 US cents/lb in December 2021 as compared to 279.56 US cents/lb in November 2021. Prices for the Other Milds increased by 3.4% to 267.71 US cents/lb in December 2021, as compared to 258.95 US cents/lb in the previous month. Robustas, priced at 112.76 US cents/lb in December, showed the lowest growth of all groups, increasing by 3.1% in the past month.
The differential between the Colombian Milds and Other Milds increased by 11.0% since November 2021 to 22.86 US cents/lb in December 2021. The differential between the Colombian Milds and Brazilian Naturals decreased by 0.6%, to 60.31 US cents/lb in December 2021. The differential between the Colombian Milds and Robustas increased by 4.5%, from 170.16 cents/lb in November 2021 to 177.81 US cents/lb in December 2021. The differential between the Other Milds and Brazilian Naturals decreased by 6.5%to 37.45 US cents/lb in December 2021 from 40.06 US cents/lb in November 2021. The arbitrage between Arabica and Robusta coffees, as measured on the New York and London futures markets, increased by 5.1% to 130.00 US cents/lb in December 2021, as compared with 123.64 US cents/lb in November 2021.
As coffee prices continued to increase, intra-day volatility in December 2021 of the ICO composite indicator price increased by 0.6 percentage points to 10.1% in December 2021. The Brazilian Naturals indicator showed a growing volatility of 12.9% in December 2021, as compared to 11.8% in November 2021 and was the highest among all the groups. The Colombian Milds recorded a level of volatility of 9.8% in December 2021, as compared to 9.3% recorded in November 2021. Volatility for the Other Milds increased slightly from 10.2% in November 2021 to 10.4% in December 2021. The Robusta indicator showed the lowest volatility at 7.8% in December 2021. The volatility of the average of the 2nd and 3rd positions of the New York futures market was 12.3% in December 2021, as compared to 11.9% in November 2021. The volatility of London futures market decreased by 0.5 percentage points to 7.0%.
Combined certified stocks in London and New York have fallen for seven consecutive months to December 2021, down 31.5% to 3.33 million bags from 4.86 million bags in June 2021.
Exports of all forms of coffee in November 2021 totalled 9.25 million 60-kg bags, down 12.4% in comparison to 10.56 million bags in November 2020. The decrease in November 2021 was driven by South America, down 28.0%, outweighing the 17.6% and 29.4% increases seen in Asia & Oceania and Central America & Mexico, respectively. Brazil was the main factor in the steep fall in the November exports from South America, suffering from a 33.9% decrease. Continued difficulties with logistics, especially the availability of shipping containers, and reduced supply from farmers are the two main reasons behind the drop. India, Vietnam and Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua were the principal drivers of the double-digits growth in Asia & Oceania and Central America & Mexico, respectively.
In the first two month of coffee year 2021-22, exports of South America decreased by 24.4% to 9.67 million 60-kg bags as compared to 12.79 million bags in October-November 2020. Over the same period, exports by Brazil decreased by 31.4% to 6.36 million bags from 9.27 million bags. Shipments of Asia & Oceania over the first two month of coffee year 2021-22 was 6.21 million bags versus 5.08 million bags in October-November 2020. Exports from India and Vietnam were 1.06 million bags and 3.42 million bags in October-November 2021 as compared to 0.67 million bags and 2.90 million bags in the first two months of coffee year 2020-21.
Exports from Central America and Mexico were 0.94 million bags in October-November 2021, as compared to 0.72 million bags over the same period during coffee year 2020-21. Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua exported 0.16 million bags, 0.18 million bags and 0.17 million bags, respectively in the first two months of the current coffee year. Exports by Africa decreased by 1.8% to 2.05 million bags in October-November 2021 as compared to 2.09 million bags in the same period in 2020-21. Kenya (-49.7%) and Côte d’Ivoire (-34.1%) were the two main drivers of the fall, outweighing the 17.8% increase by Tanzania, which had exported 1.01 million bags in the first two month of the current coffee year as compared to 0.86 million bags shipped over the same period in 2020-21.
In terms of exports by groups of coffee, Arabica suffered from a 20.8% fall in November 2021, dropping down to 5.72 million bags from 7.22 million bags in November 2020. The steepest decrease was recorded by the Brazilian Naturals, down from 4.62 million bags in November 2020 to 2.94 million bags in November 2021, followed by the Colombian Milds, which dropped to 1.25 million bags from 1.38 million bags, an 8.8% fall. The Other Milds and Robustas, on the other hand, saw 23.9% and 5.7%, respectively, increases in November. As a result, the export of Arabica in the first two months of coffee year 2021-22 is 11.83 million bags and 7.04 million bags for Robustas.
Exports of green coffee reached 16.71 million bags in the two months of the coffee year 2021-22, a decrease of 10.6% as compared to 18.70 million bags for the same period in coffee year 2020-21.
Estimates of total production for coffee year 2020-21 has been revised up marginally to 169.66 million 60-kg bags, representing a 0.4% increase as compared to 169.00 million bags of the previous coffee year. Arabica production is assessed to have grown by 2.3% to 99.28 million bags from 97.08 million bags in 2019-20, while the production of Robusta is gauged as 70.38 million bags, down 2.2% year-on-year from 71.92 million bags in the previous year.
World coffee consumption is assessed marginally up in volume, now estimated to have increased to 167.25 million bags in 2020-21 as compared to 164.08 million for coffee year 2019-20. The production-consumption gap for 2020-21 is therefore reduced to 2.41 million bags.
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