Robustas made the biggest gains in August, up 9.2%
Image courtesy of T&CTJ
The International Coffee Organization announced in its latest report that the ICO Composite Indicator Price (I-CIP) gained 4.9% from July to August 2022, averaging 200.11 US cents/lb for the latter, whilst posting a median value of 199.66 US cents/lb. In August 2022, the I-CIP fluctuated in between 187.26 and 214.72 US cents/lb.
Average prices for all groups’ indicators increased in August 2022. Robustas gained the most, expanding 9.2% from July to August 2022, raising to an average of 109.65 US cents/lb for the month. The Colombian Milds and Other Milds, increased by 3.4% and 4.9% respectively, month-on-month in August. The former averaged 295.66 US cents/lb in August 2022, whilst the latter averaged 268.43 US cents/lb. The upturns are in part due to the average second and third positions of the ICE New York futures market, which gained by 3.7% in August 2022 over July 2022. The average of the 2nd and 3rd positions of the ICE Futures Europe for Robustas grew substantially by 10.2%.
The Colombian Milds Other Milds differential took the hardest hit from July to August 2022, retracting 9.7% from 30.16 to 27.23 US cents/lb as growth of the Other Milds outpaced the Colombian Milds. Strong Other Milds growth can also be evaluated in the Other Milds Robustas differential as it gained 13.2%, up from 41.10 to 46.52 US cents/lb. The Colombian Milds Brazilian Naturals continued its upwards trajectory of the past year, as the differential increased by 3.5% from 71.27 to 73.75 US cents/lb from July to August 2022. Despite the Robustas indicator price presenting strong growth, the Colombian Milds Robustas differential gained 0.2%, ranging from 185.63 to 186.01 US cents/lb for the aforementioned period.
Echoing strong growth of the Robustas group indicator, the Other Milds Robustas differential increased by 2.1% reaching 158.78 US cents/lb in August 2022 from 155.46 US cents/lb in the previous month. The Robustas group indicator did however manage to close the differential with the Brazilian Naturals by 1.8%, where it retracted from 114.36 to 112.36 US cents/lb from July to August 2022. The arbitrage between New York and London Futures markets shrunk by 1.2%, falling to 119.79 US Cents/lb in August 2022 from 121.24 US cents/lb in July 2022.
Intra-day volatility of the I-CIP increased 0.2 percentage points between July and August 2022, reaching 10.3%. Robustas and the London futures market presented the lowest volatility amongst all group indicators, at 6.6% and 7.1% in August 2022. The Brazilian Naturals volatility, was the highest amongst the group indicators, averaging 13.3%, a 1.0 percentage point increase from the previous month. The variation in volatility of the Colombian Milds and Other Milds for July to August 2022 is 0.4 to 10.0% and 0.6 to 11.4%, respectively, and there was significant volatility of the New York futures market, posting an increase of 1.1 percentage points, averaging 14.6% for the month of August 2022.
The New York certified stocks decreased 6.5% from the previous month, closing in at 0.72 million bags, the lowest in over 20 years, whilst certified stocks of Robusta coffee reached 1.61 million bags, representing a decrease of 10.9%.
Global exports of green beans in July 2022 totalled 9.04 million bags, compared with 9.91 million bags in the same month of the previous year, down 8.8%. The slump was spread across all four groups of coffee, with the Colombian Milds recording the biggest drop, falling by 12.5% year-on-year. The double-digit decrease in July pushed the cumulative total exports of green beans for coffee year 2021/22 into red, down 0.8% as compared to 0.1% increase for the first nine months of the current coffee year. The cumulative total for 2021/22 to July is 98.08 million bags as compared with 98.97 million bags over the same period a year ago. Exports of the Colombian Milds decreased by 12.5% to 1.02 million bags in July 2022 from 1.17 million bags in July 2021, driven primarily by Colombia, the main origin of this group of coffee, whose exports of green beans were down 15.7% in July 2022. As a result of the relatively sharp downturn, exports of the Colombian Milds in October 2021–July 2022 were down by 3.7% at 10.48 million bags, as compared with 10.88 million bags in the first 10 months of coffee year 2020/21. Colombia exported 0.929 million bags of green beans in July 2022, the lowest since 0.928 million bags were shipped in July 2017.
In the previous two ICO reports, the monthly movements of exports from Colombia, up an average 108.9% in May–June 2022, were explained as being technical, reflecting the dramatic changes of the previous year, down an average 43.3% over May–June 2021. However, for July 2022, the sharp fall in exports is linked to the sharper drop in production, which had fallen by 22% in the same month.
The recovery of the Brazilian Naturals, first seen in May and continuing into June, was broken in July, with exports falling by 6.7% at 2.57 million bags as compared with 2.75 million bags in July 2021. This reversal of fortune was driven by Brazil, the biggest producer and exporter of the Brazilian Naturals, with logistical bottlenecks and harvesting delays impacting July exports. For the first 10 months of coffee year 2021/22, exports of the Brazilian Naturals stood at 31.68 million bags, down 6.8% from 34.0 million bags over the same period a year ago. Shipments of the Other Milds decreased by 9.9% in July to 2.23 million bags from 2.47 million bags in the same period last year. As a result, the cumulative volume of exports continued to increase but at a declining rate, falling to 0.9% in the first 10 months of coffee year 2021/22 (19.99 million bags vs 19.8 million bags) from 2.5% in the first nine months of the same coffee year. Exports of Robustas totalled 3.23 million bags in July 2022, as compared with 3.52 million bags in July 2021, down 8.4%. Exports of green beans for the first 10 months of the current and previous coffee years for Robustas were 35.95 million bags and 34.29 million bags, respectively, up 4.8%.
Total exports of soluble coffee increased by 18.5% in July 2022 to 1.01 million bags from 0.85 million bags in July 2021. In the first 10 months of coffee year 2021/22, a total of 10.04 million bags of soluble coffee were exported, representing an increase of 4.3% from the 9.53 million bags exported in the same period during the previous coffee year. The share of soluble coffee of the total exports of all forms of coffee was 9.2% (measured on a moving 12- month average) in July 2022. Brazil is the largest exporter of soluble coffee, shipping 3.26 million bags in the first 10 months of coffee year 2021/22, followed by India with 2.0 million bags, with Indonesia in third place at 1.48 million bags exported over the same period. Exports of roasted beans increased by 3.4% in July 2022 to 67,101 bags from 64,290 bags in July 2021.
In October 2021 to July 2022, South America’s exports of all forms of coffee decreased by 8.5% to 42.24 million bags. During this period, shipments from Brazil declined by 12.4% to 31.98 million bags from 37.22 million bags in October-July 2020/21. The volume of exports from Colombia is down 13.2% in the first 10 months of coffee year 2021/22 at 10.28 million bags, from 10.59 million bags in the same period a year ago. The fall in the exports is linked to persistent unfavourable weather conditions reducing the available supply of coffee in the country.
Exports of all forms of coffee from Asia & Oceania increased by 4.0% to 3.19 million bags in July 2022, and by 16.0% to 37.6 million bags in the first 10 months of coffee year 2021/22. During these periods, Vietnam’s exports decreased by 1.9% to 1.95 million bags, but were still up 17.9% to 24.71 million bags, respectively. India’s shipments were up 10.8% to 0.53 million bags in July 2022, and up 28.9% to 6.07 million bags in the first 10 months of coffee year 2021/22. Exports from Indonesia increased by 31.6% to 0.58 million bags in July 2022 and were up 0.2% to 5.59 million bags in October–July 2021/22.
Exports of all forms of coffee from Africa decreased by 13.1% to 1.41 million bags in July 2022 from 1.62 million bags in July 2021. For the first 10 months of the current coffee year, exports totalled 11.36 million bags as compared with 11.83 million bags in coffee year 2020/21. Exports from Tanzania were down 66.6% in July and by 4.9% in the first 10 months of coffee year 2021/22, at 11,754 bags and 0.84 million bags, respectively. Over the same periods, exports from Ethiopia decreased by 23.5% to 0.5 million bags, but increased 6.4% to 3.25 million, respectively.
In July 2022, exports of all forms of coffee from Mexico & Central America were down 16.2% to 1.54 million bags as compared with 1.83 million in July 2021. For the first 10 months of the current coffee year, exports are down 5.6%, totalling 13.61 million bags as compared with 14.42 million bags in October–July 2020/21. The region’s sharp downturn in July, just as it was for June 2022, was due to the 41.1% fall in exports from Honduras, the largest exporter of the region, shipping 0.39 million bags in July 2022 as compared with 0.66 million bags in July 2021.
For the first 10 months of coffee year 2021/22, Honduras has exported 4.28 million bags, down 17.9% from 5.22 million bags in the same period in coffee year 2020/21. Less rainfall during the bean-filling period in some growing regions, a high incidence of rust disease as a result of hurricanes Eta and Iota, and stumping following an earlier outbreak of rust disease, which led renewal in 2012 that reached peak production between the 2018/2020 harvests, all affected the country’s supply of coffee and continue to negatively affect exports from Honduras.
The latest provisional outlook for total production in coffee year 2021/22 remains unchanged at 167.2 million bags, a 2.1% decrease as compared to 170.83 million bags in the previous coffee year.
World coffee consumption is projected to grow by 3.3% to 170.3 million 60-kg bags in 2021/22 as compared to 164.9 million for coffee year 2020/21. In 2021/22, consumption is expected to exceed production by 3.1 million bags.
For the full ICO report, visit: ico.org.